cacti-feat

Setting up SMS with CactiEZ and Gnokii

Introduction

Cacti is a great tool for monitoring devices on you network through SNMP. One common request is how do I get Cacti to SMS me when soemthing goes wrong? Hopefully this tutorial will walk you through getting everything up and running. At the moment this will allow you to receive an SMS for dead hosts. In another tutorial I’ll extend it to also work with thresholds.

These instructions are known to work with a fresh install of Cacti EZ. We are using and ISO of CactiEZ v0.6. It can be downloaded at the site: http://mirror.cactiusers.org/dl/2d341570fe9e08f41bf2e0aeac22fb5f/4df05350/CactiEZ-v0.6.tar.gz

If this link doesn’t work just google cactiez.

This setup will use an open source command line program called Gnokii. Basically it allows you to communicate to mobile phones via the command line. There are many phones supported. To find out more please visit their homepage gnokii.org.

I’ll be using an old Nokia 6070 with a CA-42 cable. These can be picked up really cheap now on ebay. My whole setup with cable and phone only cost $27. Most Nokia phones are supported. Gnokii even supports Bluetooth.

Installing Gnokii

The following instructions will tell you how to get Gnokii installed on a CactiEZ installation.

First ssh into new install of cactiez:

ssh root@ip-of-cacti-ez

The password will be CactiEZ

Lets move to the tmp directory to download some stuff:

cd /tmp

Download the latest installation of Gnokii. In our case it was 0.6.30. Please visit the gnokii website to find the most recent version for you.

wget http://www.gnokii.org/download/gnokii/gnokii-0.6.30.tar.gz

Untar and unzip the archive:

tar xvfz gnokii-0.6.30.tar.gz

Change into the created directory:

cd gnokii-0.6.30

Now we will simply try to follow the installation instructions found on the Gnokii website:

./configure

You’ll notice an error straight away:

configure: error: in `/tmp/gnokii-0.6.30′:

configure: error: no acceptable C compiler found in $PATH

See `config.log’ for more details

GCC

Gnokii is telling us it needs a C compiler. I suppose CactiEZ does not ship with one, so lets install one:

yum install gcc

Select Y when asked if it’s OK to download

Once that installs lets try again:

./configure

We get a new error:

checking for intltool >= 0.35.0… ./configure: line 5826: intltool-update: command not found

configure: error: Your intltool is too old. You need intltool 0.35.0 or later.

Let’s use yum to install intltool:

yum install intltool

Once that installs lets try again (you can skip this if you want, it’s just to show you the process I went through):

./configure

Intltool

Still the same error. But at least yum has installed the dependencies needed for intltool. Now we’ll manually upgrade intltool by downloading the latest version:

cd /tmp
wget http://launchpad.net/intltool/trunk/0.41.1/+download/intltool-0.41.1.tar.gz
tar xvfz intltool-0.41.1.tar.gz
cd intltool-0.41.1

Let’s install the new version of intltool using the instructions from:

http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/cvs/general/intltool.html

./configure --prefix=/usr
make
make install
install -v -m644 -D doc/I18N-HOWTO \/usr/share/doc/intltool-0.41.1/I18N-HOWTO

And we’ll try installing Gnokii again:

./configure

This time the error outputs:

configure: error: in `/tmp/gnokii-0.6.30′:

configure: error: The pkg-config script could not be found or is too old. Make sure it is in your PATH or set the PKG_CONFIG environment variable to the full path to pkg-config.

Alternatively, you may set the environment variables GLIB_CFLAGS and GLIB_LIBS to avoid the need to call pkg-config. See the pkg-config man page for more details.

To get pkg-config, see <http://pkg-config.freedesktop.org/>.

See `config.log’ for more details

pkg-config

Lets move back to the tmp directory to download pkg-config:

cd /tmp
wget http://pkgconfig.freedesktop.org/releases/pkg-config-0.25.tar.gz
tar xvfz pkg-config-0.25.tar.gz
cd pkg-config-0.25
./configure --prefix=/usr
make
make install

And we’ll try installing Gnokii again:

./configure

configure: error: Package requirements (glib-2.0) were not met:

No package ‘glib-2.0′ found

Consider adjusting the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable if you installed software in a non-standard prefix.

Alternatively, you may set the environment variables GLIB_CFLAGS and GLIB_LIBS to avoid the need to call pkg-config.

See the pkg-config man page for more details.

Glib-2.0

Fortunately glib-2.0 has a yum package that we can install:

yum install glib2-devel

Installing Gnokii

OK everything should be ready to go now to install Gnokii. Let’s give it a try:

cd /tmp/gnokii-0.6.30
./configure
gmake
gmake install

Now Gnokii is installed but we have a few more things to do before we’re done.

Configuring Gnokii

Gnokii needs a configuration file before it will work with your mobile phone. You can get a list of config files and phones from the Gnokii website:

http://wiki.gnokii.org/index.php/Config

The config file will be can be put in the users home folder using the file name .gnokiirc

touch ~/.gnokiirc

Before we create our config file we need to find out what port our phone is connected to.

dmesg | tail

usb 4-1: new full speed USB device using address 6

drivers/usb/class/cdc-acm.c: Ignoring extra header

drivers/usb/class/cdc-acm.c: This device cannot do calls on its own. It is no modem.

cdc_acm 4-1:1.0: ttyACM0: USB ACM device

The main bit of info we’re interested in is the ttyACM0. Yours may say something different. This is the value we’ll use for the port variable in the config file.

Then use your favourite text editor to edit the file. We’ll use vi because it comes with the CactiEZ installation:

vi ~/.gnokiirc

Insert the text for your config. In my case I found a working config on the website for the Nokia 6070:

[global]

model = 6510

port = /dev/ttyACM0

connection = serial

To Use vi press ‘i’ to insert new text. To save the file and leave vi, type ESC+:+x (press ESC key, type : followed by x and [enter] key).

I will change the permissions on this file since the apache user group will need to access these files.

chmod 777 ~/.gnokiirc
chmod 777 /dev/ttyACM0

Testing it out

Now we need to test out our configuration. Plug in your phone to the computer, or if your using bluetooth make sure it’s paired. First we’ll ask Gnokii to identify the connected phone:

gnokii --identify

Be patient. This could take a minute or two. Once it finishes you’ll get an output looking something like this:

IMEI : xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Manufacturer : Nokia

No flags section in the config file.

Model : RM-166

Product name : RM-166

Revision : V 04.22

This means everything is all good. Let’s try and text someone.

echo "Hi this is the computer" | gnokii --sendsms +15555552233 -r

If you get a text it means we’re all good to go. Now we just have to tell Cacti how to use our new SMS capabilities.

Modifying Cacti

CactiEZ comes with an alerting and threshold plugin installed. This plugin on its own can email us with dead host notifications or when thresholds are exceeded. We need to find these files and add a line of code telling them to also shoot out a text message. Also we’ll need to add a config variable so that we can add mobile phone numbers through Cacti’s web based interface. Here’s the files we’re wanting to change:

/var/www/html/plugins/thold/cli_thresholds.php
/var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/settings.php
/var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/polling.php

Modifying the files

The easiest method is to just overwrite the files with ones I’ve already created. Let’s also make sure to backup the old ones in case anything goes wrong. Download and unzip the modified files:

cd /tmp/
wget http://makesomecode.com/resources/cacti.zip
unzip cacti.zip
cp /var/www/html/plugins/thold/cli_thresholds.php /var/www/html/plugins/thold/cli_thresholds.php.old
cp /var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/settings.php /var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/settings.php.old
cp /var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/polling.php /var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/polling.php.old
mv cli_thresholds.php /var/www/html/plugins/thold/
mv settings.php /var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/
mv polling.php /var/www/html/plugins/thold/includes/

Settings in Cacti

Go to ‘Settings‘ under the ‘Configuration‘ heading in the left menu. Click on ‘Alerting/Thold‘. You’ll see a few new options below. In order for this to work you must have dead host notifications and Send alerts as SMS text enabled. Then put write in your phone number in the Dead Host Notifications SMS Number text box. Make sure you include your country code in the phone number as this helps to reduce possible problems down the road. Here in australia the number would look something like this:

61455555555

If you need to send to multiple phones just comma separate them with no spaces in between.

Well that’s it! Now you just need to test it out. Go and unplug a host that you’re currently monitoring and you should get a txt within a couple of minutes (remember the poller only runs every 2 mins or so). Also make sure that if the phone attached to the cacti machine gets unplugged or the machine gets restarted you’ll have to chmod it’s port again back to 777.

  • puput

    regards
    whether notifikasion error on cacti (not cactiEZ) can be via SMS?
    I have installed cacti and plugin Thold, have installed gnokii.
    and also have edited the file cli_thresholds.php, settings.php, polling.php. but why do not notice the error not send to my mobile phone.?
    i’m use ubuntu 11.04, cacti versi 0.8.7g
    Please help.

  • http://makesomecode.com Nick

    Sorry I only really have experience setting this up using cactiez. It would be quite difficult for me to troubleshoot your situation. My recommendation would be to start with cactiez.

  • puput

    I have been doing the installation on the firtual machine .
    but my modem is not readable on firtual machine.
    Do you perform the installation on a firtual machine or computer ??
    thank for u atention

  • Reginaldo

    Hello Nick!
    Congratulations on this work. I’m trying to implement it in my cactiez, but when I try to test on which interface is my cell phone, with the error below. You can help me fix this error?
    Error: dmesg | tail
    eth0: link up, 100Mbps, full-duplex, lpa 0xC1E1
    eth0: link down
    eth0: link up, 100Mbps, full-duplex, lpa 0xC1E1
    eth0: link down
    eth0: link up, 100Mbps, full-duplex, lpa 0xC1E1
    usb 2-2: new full speed USB device using address 2
    drivers / usb / class / cdc-acm.c: Ignoring extra header
    cdc_acm: probe of 2-2:1.0 failed with error -16
    usbcore: registered new driver cdc_acm
    drivers / usb / class / cdc-acm.c: v0.23: USB Abstract Control Model driver for USB modems and ISDN adapters

    Gnokiirc in my setup looks like:
    - Port = / dev/ttyUSB0
    - Model = AT
    - Initlength = default
    - Connection = serial
    - Use_locking = yes
    - Serial_baudrate = 19200
    - Smsc_timeout = 10
    - Allow_breakage = 0
    - [Gnokiid]
    bindir = / usr / local / sbin /
    - [Connect_script]
    TELEPHONE = 12345678
    [disconnect_script]

    My phone is a Motorola EM28.

    In advance thank you for your cooperation.

    Reginaldo.

  • Ram

    I can’t see cacti modified file to download.coulf u pls mail me at:rkhakurel@hotmail.com.

    Thanks
    Ram

  • http://makesomecode.com Nick Verwymeren

    The file is downloaded via the command:
    wget http://makesomecode.com/resources/cacti.zip

  • http://makesomecode.com/2011/07/19/setting-up-sms-with-cactiez-and-gnokii/#more-319 WIS

    hi, do you have any document talk about Gnokii plug-in for Win 7 base CACTI? appreciate your help

  • http://makesomecode.com Nick Verwymeren

    No, I’ve only dealt with CactiEZ on linux. I’m not sure what would be involved with setting this system up on Windows.

  • Patrik Edberg

    Nice one! Will you adapt this for CactiEZ 0.7 ?

  • s083r

    Is there a chance that you will adopt it for a new version of thold? It’s quite tricky.

  • s083r

    Or, maybe you could create archive with whole plugin and post link here?